Granuloma inguinale CDC. List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Bacterial infections. Bacteria are larger than viruses and are capable of reproducing on their own. A doctor may use the presence of other symptoms (such as fever or body aches), the length of the illness, and certain lab tests to determine if an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or some other pathogen or disease process. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Bacteria may also be classified as gram-positive or gram-negative. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It's important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. They reproduce quickly in your body. Ongoing research seeks to determine the types and dosages of bacteria that are most beneficial to human health. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. The bad bacteria cause diseases while good bacteria destroy bad bacteria and prevent diseases. Other types of bacterial infections include the following: Antibiotics are medications that fight bacterial infections. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial growth. List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. Bacteria can survive in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste. When the ba… infectious mononucleosis ( mono) herpes simplex virus (HSV) human papillomavirus (HPV) The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. In many cases, infectious disease can be spread from person to person, either directly (e.g., via skin contact) or indirectly (e.g., via contaminated food or water). ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:"Get Smart - Know When Antibiotics Work, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Salmonella. It is more common in children than adults and is highly contagious. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. This type of illness is usually called gastrointestinal infection. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. A nonillion is a … More serious symptoms include bloody diarrhea, fever and long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting. Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as people, plants or animals — to multiply. Cystitis. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including … Common bacterial infections of the skin and deep tissue, which are often caused by Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, include: Impetigo, which affects the top layer of skin (the epidermis). Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Infectious disease, in medicine, a process caused by an agent, often a type of microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. Failure to do so could make a bacterial infection worse. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Understand the symptoms, causes and treatments of various infections like MRSA, staph and urinary tract infections. Tetanus 7. Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections are potentially very dangerous and increase the risk of death. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer sensitive to a medication that should eliminate an infection. ", NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. Hepatitis A (Hep A) CDC FAQ's More … ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. All conditions Anthrax Prophylaxis Cholera Prophylaxis Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis Plague Prophylaxis Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis Tetanus Prophylaxis Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis Typhoid Prophylaxis. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and cannot reproduce on their own. Serious bacterial infection anywhere in the body can potentially spread to the bloodstream -- a condition known as septicemia -- and infect other body tissues. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Most deaths due to antibiotic resistant infections occur in hospitalized patients and those who are in nursing homes. Unlike bacterial infections, viral diseases don’t respond to antibiotics. List of infectious diseases in humans. Plague 8. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Meningitis. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Foodborne Illnesses. The Black Plague Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. There are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases. Gonococcal Infection (Gonorrhea) CDC FAQ's Data. Haemophilus Influenza disease, Type B (Hib or H-flu) CDC Data. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Jul. The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. © 2005-2020 WebMD, LLC. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. 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