Orientation is an important aspect of all type of construction in Civil Engineering. Orientation of the Solids (Built) and Voids (Fenestration): Orientation also plays an important role with regard to wind direction. The importance of orientation is akin to the importance of training, so you want to ensure you give employees the information and tools they need to succeed. These methods provide far stronger and taller structures with less expenditure of material than stone, brick, or wood and can produce greater unsupported spans over openings and interior or exterior spaces. Knowledge of Building Orientation is a must have for all Engineers, Planners. The TERI retreat building was oriented along the east-west axis so as to have maximum exposure along north and south which is the most recommended orientation in solar passive architecture. Project Management - Inform project management processes with a “road map” of requirements for each phase of the design and documentation process. Both the building’s size and orientation should be decided early on in the design process, as one cannot be optimized without the other. The reciprocal relationship is essential, given the intention of architecture to provide internal sheltered space for human occupation. 4.- Correlation between degrees of orientations and the orientation of the main and rear façade Also, a sensitive analysis has been made to view the importance that orientation have in the building energy consumption (Robertson, J., Polly, B., & Collis, J., 2013). Variables that can positively affect the microclimate condition within the courtyard are sun location, wind direction, shading performance and solar gain (Bagnied, 2006). In the second and most advantageous, the building site is revealed by a thorough site analysis. 32 ARCHITECTURE - Time Space & People September 2014 It is not just the structural importance and constructional behaviour, but also the visual impact along with the historical value of certain materials that form the essence of the built environment B uilding materials form an integral part of the field of architecture. Orientation Again established from your site analysis, the orientation is key factor to consider in every architecture project and using it to help define the conceptual development of a design project, can provide vital information for the siting your building and accommodation within it. Proper orientation of a new home allows the homeowner to take advantage of a powerful source of lower utility costs: passive solar … Daylighting and architectural concept of traditional architecture: The Tongkonan in Toraja, Indonesia 113 Tongkonan traditional house because of the importance of the orientation to the axis of north-south and east-west, as the appreciation and respect for the Creator (Puang Matua), which is asso- … Whether it’s by architecture or other means, the power to harness the sun’s energy and limit the detrimental effects can make a huge difference between a good site and a bad one. The Best Orientation When Building a Home. In regions where seasonal changes are very pronounced, both the situations may arise periodically. South orientation should be selected for those rooms that the family spends most of its time in them (for the living room). While the continuity between the two spaces can be easily understood, the smaller space depends on the larger space for its relationship to the exterior environment. By analysing the impact of the sun on a site, as well as the buildings location, the spatial arrangement, orientation, window placement, daylight access and other design features, the designer can take full advantage of passive solar design features and increase the … South orientation (for the north hemisphere) is considered the most advantageous for all functions and rooms. Thus, more compact the shape, the less wasteful it is in gaining/losing heat. Green building, or sustainable design, is the practice of increasing the efficiency with which buildings and their sites use energy, water, and materials, and of reducing impacts on human health and the environment for the entire lifecycle of a building. It's also worth considering orientation for your existing home, especially if there are small or no windows facing north, or … Orientation of the building is generally used to refer to solar orientation which is the planning of building with respect to solar access. If the containe… A site analysis is the gateway to energy conscious design and environmental responsive architecture. The building location on the site is basically established by one of two different view points. Architecture - Architecture - Iron and steel: The development of construction methods in iron and steel was the most important innovation in architecture since ancient times. Without needing an allegory, the power and primacy of space becomes much more important. In order for this spatial relationship to be understood, a clear distinction in size is needed between the two spaces. 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