The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. You use fresh, white Cassava from the garden and you boil these roots for 20 minutes. Scientists working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi-Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to rev up the propagation of clean cassava planting materials. However, this convenience comes at a price. B�g/��w���%'Y�=����jk�c��ys���# You can get a cassava plant from a very small cutting with only one bud. 0000009887 00000 n However, in a commercial cassava multiplication, you should not use thin stems. widespread use by farmers of the improved cassava varieties is the lack of planting material, in larger quantities, at the right moment and with the desired quality characteristics. We recommend that you take your planting materials from plants which are between 8 and 18 months old. Vegetable farming is one of the quickest ways to make money in crop production. It makes further complicated if both cassava brown streak and cassava mosaic diseases occur together. You... Don't miss this opportunity to Succeed. METHOD OF PLANTING CASSAVA The planting distance is (1 x 1)m it could be planted in a role zigzag form, depending on your planting choice. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 0000006573 00000 n One would be compelled to investigate development of easy to use field kits for detecting CBSD. You should obtain your planting materials as close as possible to planting time. ... although many farmers in Uganda still use FS planting materials. Sprouting delays and the shoots come up with little vigour. 0000000016 00000 n 0000011704 00000 n This is very important to avoid infestation to the cut surfaces of the stem. Spread of most of these pathogens and pests is through vegetative planting material, either seed tubers or cut tuber setts. If you can get those right then you are on your... Okra production is a very profitable farming business, especially during the periods of low rainfall. 0000004330 00000 n This is How the Egg Becomes Chick in 2 minutes; Exclusive Video, 6 Basic Soil Problems and Recommended Solutions, 10 Remarkable Health Benefits of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP), Making Good Money From Tomato Production, Cost and Benefits, Rapid Multiplication of Cassava: Multiply Cassava Sticks in 7 Simple Steps, Detailed Guide to Good Cassava Cultivation, Improved Cassava Varieties in Ghana and Their Characteristics, Cassava Diseases Prevention and Control to Ensure Food Security, Catalogue of Agricultural Tools, Implements and Machinery and Their Uses, Powerful Illustration on How to Scout and Identify Fall Armyworm in Maize Farms, How You Can Effectively Maintain Farm Tools to Avoid Damage, Doing Profitable Business in Okra Production, Costs and Benefits, Remarkably Using Little to Produce More Crops By Increasing Water Use Efficiency. These cuttings are selected from the leafless woody portion of the stem of plants normally older than nine months. Select cassava stems from disease-free plants. The recommendation is that cuttings should have five to seven nodes and a minimum length of 20cm. • Dip planting materials in insecticide before planting to reduce infestation. Cassava root is the commercially used part while the stem is used for propagation. Read also: Detailed Guide to Good Cassava Cultivation. Scientists who are working on cassava breeding are now using the Semi- Autotrophic Hydroponics (SAH) technology to boost the propagation of clean planting materials. Have you ever wondered how the egg becomes chick?. A method is presented for the rapid in vitro propagation of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz).Nodal explants were induced to grow as multiple-shoot cultures on a medium containing 1.0 μM 6-benzylamino purine (BAP), supplemented with 0.25 μM α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). 0000001505 00000 n These are the times where food prices are... Why at all do vegetable farms fail? 0000002921 00000 n Read also: Improved Cassava Varieties in Ghana and Their Characteristics. They have poor nutrient reserves and it is because the shoots which develop from such stems are weak and only a few, small tuberous roots are produced. The most interesting fact about cassava is that it can even grow in nutrient deficient soils. And it is not common that cassava planting materials for local varieties are sold or bought. Cassava in Tropical Africa, A Reference Manual – (IITA). Soil problems are a major cause of low production levels in many cropping ventures. 0000001039 00000 n Horizontal method of planting cassava; Vertical method of planting cassava; The inclined method of planting cassava; Horizontal planting. Moreover, the quality of cassava planting materials/stem cuttings depends on the age of the stem, thickness, number of nodes per stem cutting and health of the stem cuttings. Each wound is a potential site of entry for micro-organisms that may cause rot during storage or after planting. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Planting material preparation. It is very convenient to use vegetative material from a previous crop to plant a new one. The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. Examine planting material carefully to prevent transmission of diseases and pests. ; also, it is of great industrial benefits as it is used in making ethanol, starch and other industrial products. The nodes of the cassava stem cuttings are where the shoots develop and if you bury them, the roots. Use chemicals only as a last resort. 0000001416 00000 n Vertical or angular planting is recommended in areas of high rainfall Horizontal planting is better in dry areas. Results from experiments comparing … Both wild relatives and traditional cultivars, or landraces, developed by farmers over centuries are the primary sources of genes and gene combinations for new varieties. Protocol for tissue culture techniques for rapid multiplication and procedure for micropropagation of planting materials Facilities created under the NATP at CTCRI A low cost shed of 20 x 8 m for storage of planting materials Micro-propagation lab for mass multiplication of in vitro plants Stumping is done and hoe could be used to make heaps or ridges. On the other side, cuttings from the young green stem although will sprout, they are extremely susceptible to attack by soil-borne pathogens and sucking insects. startxref Moreover, you cannot store this green immature stems for longer periods. H��VmO�H��_��J��"U�Ґ�B�{�$���8$���)�~���u 9(���w��y�ٽ�43�8�T In the forest zone, farmers plant between April and May, or in August, whiles, … Cassava is predominantly consumed in boiled form, but substantial quantities are used to extract cassava starch, called tapioca, which is used for food, animal feed, and industrial purposes. Production of cassava planting material. Select planting material from healthy plants. Planting materials: Use only healthy and disease free cuttings for planting. Also, the sprouting buds becomes less viable. This is because they contain high water content and tend to dehydrate much rapidly. 0000001691 00000 n Farmers with little or no knowledge of the basic soil... Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) has enormous health benefits including its ability to help gain weight and boost immunity. Make the cut with a well-sharpened machete or circular saw. • Use clean or uninfested planting materials. Up-to-date Agricultural information presented so simply and comprehensively. Use cutlass to cut the cassava stem for planting and it should produce a whitish liquid substance, to indicate that the cassava stems viable for planting. Use sharp cutlass to cut the stem into 20cm-25cm long pieces with 5-7 nodes. 0000004239 00000 n Photo by L. Kumar, IITA. During 1996-1997, the relationship between the length of cuttings and growth, yield and disease incidence in cassava was studied in Nigeria to ascertain whether short cuttings could be used as cassava planting material. <]/Prev 935496>> Cassava is one of those crops that uses part of the plant for propagation. Farmers take advantage of lowlands to cultivate okra during... Increasing water use efficiency is very important as we enter the dryest period of the year. Abstract. Cuttings with 1 – 3 nodes have low percentages of sprouting under field conditions. This affects storage quality, root and shoot formation and development. trailer 0000000736 00000 n This is one of the beauties of vegetatively propagated crops. 0000004110 00000 n 0000013956 00000 n The SAH involves the use of modified soil which holds plant roots in planting pots with little water. Cassava or tapioca is a rich source of carbohydrate and widely used as an alternate food source. This is not common practice among cassava farmers but it is highly recommended. 5.Planting. Soil Requirement for Cassava Farming. The main seed-borne pathogens and pests of seed tubers are soft rots, dry rots, nematodes and beetles. Cassava local varieties were also listed using the ethnic names. Long cuttings give higher yields than short ones. 0000001599 00000 n Cassava stems for future crop. The yield of cassava depends on a number of factors including the quality of the cassava planting materials/stem cuttings, cassava variety, soil, weather, cultural practices and others. These factors are necessary for the sprouting of vigorous plants capable of producing a good number of roots and giving good cassava yield. And when mechanical planting is used into 20cm-25cm long pieces with 5-7 nodes civilizations have cultivating! Raises the question of sustainability due to the cut surfaces of the strategies that is helping to this... 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